Naftali Rozenblum



 

Part 3: Postscript.

After the War

1946 Cesia received this letter from a member of an association called "Solidarités" ("Solidarities") who  had access after the war to the files confirming Naftali's death.

Madam,

I wish to apologize for the delay in answering your request for information about the death of Mr Rozenblum.Your request was unfortunately placed among the finished letters.

Regarding Mr Rozenblum, I’m sorry to be unable to give you precise details concerning his death. The information I  have gathered about him and that were transmitted to the “Front de l’Indépendance” (resistance), arised from the death files made by the S.S. Those were copied by myself after the Camp’s liberation.

On the basis of his number and the one of his block, it appears he arrived recently in Buchenwald (probably by the end of December or January). He was probably evacuated to the camp because of the Allied advance (Auschwitz). Those transports were carried out in very harsh conditions. It is more likely that Mr Rozenblum contracted a disease or was in a state of weakness when he arrived in Buchenwald.

The number of the block, number 57, indicates it was a quarantine block. The newly arrived convoys in the camp had to remain in those ‘dedicated’ barracks, while waiting for their assignment to various work or to new… (unreadable). I would conclude that Mr Rozenblum didn’t experience the rigours of working in Buchenwald. Unfortunately, he knew the rigour of the winter.

I wish to apologize about the hardness of those details but I wish to inform you about (what I guess) being the circumstances of the death … (unreadable) your husband.

I address you my deepest respects for the cruel loss you must feel.

With my full commitment.

Camille Desauw

Rue de Malines, 6

Strombeek-Bever


1947
August

Declaration of (activity in the) Resistance to the Consultative Commision of Political Prisoners

Naftali was part of the November 1940 army resistance group that moved en bloc to the Milices Patrotiques of the Front de L'Independence in July 1941.

Following his patriotic activity in our armed groups, he was arrested by the Gestapo, deported to the Nazi prisons and he died in Buchenwald on the 13th March 1945

This certificate is given to its forward-right MMe Suknik, Curtha, Guide Gezelle 68 Schaerbeek so that she can assert the possible rights provided for in the Status of P.P.

Milices Patriotiques (Communist Belgian Resistance)

Signed:

S. Lahaye
A. Malfaire
A. Coenen
R. Dumont
G. Dewamme

1947
September

Declaration of Recruitment to the Milices Patriotiques (Patriotic Militia)

I, the undersigned  JOCHIMEK living at St-Gilles, rue de Portugal, no. 1

Duly authorized as recruiting agent to proceed with the recruitment and enrollment in the M.P. groups of the F.I.

certifies on honor to have joined forces in November 1940 with
Mr. Naftali Rozenblum, born in Warsaw (Poland) 15th October 1900
Living in Schaerbeek, rue Gaucheret no. 78

A. Jochimek

=================

Certificate of clandestine activity in the ranks of M.P.

I, the undersigned  JOCHIMEK living at St-Gilles, rue de Portugal, no. 1
Responsible while in underground in the aforementioned groups

certifies on honor that Mr. Naftali Rozenblum
Born in Warsaw (Poland) 15th October 1900
Living in Schaerbeek, rue Gaucheret no. 78

was indeed under my orders during the underground work that he fulfilled punctually and completely the functions with which he was invested and the missions entrusted to him.

A. Jochimek

M.P. = Milices Patriotiques

F.I. = Front Patriotique 
 

(Activities)

Dissemination of slogans for resistance, sabotage, recruitment of M.P.

Various sabotages:
1. Prevents delivery of material to the Wehrmacht.
2. Destruction of the railway line between Brussels and Charleroi.
3. Destruction of military vehicles. Aid to illegals: (fundraising etc).

Following his patriotic activity in our ranks, was arrested by the Gestapo on April 3, 1944, deported to the Reich April 44, he died at Buchenwald Camp on March 13, 1945.

1948

Naye Prese  Article published Friday 8th october 1948

The Heroic Fighter Nathan Rozenblum

Nathan Rozenblum was one the most beautiful figure of the jewish worker immigration in Belgium. 
He was born in Warsaw on the 15th october 1900. He was then obliged to go to apprenticeship at the age of 12 as a taylor becaming from his early years, a professional activist within the warsaw trade-union for clothing. 

During 1923, he was arrested because of his revolutionary activities and was the sentenced to 3 years jail in the sadly known Prison of Brisk (Brest Livotsk) from which he went out with a diminshed health. 

He carried on his trade-union activities and led important strikes during the years 1927-1928 which resulted in victories. 

Because of his activities, he was often searched by the police what contributed to a deterioration of his health. 

In 1930, he arrived in Belgium . From his first day, he got involved into a social work more precisely organizing political associations that had as goal to help political prisoners. 
As an active activist in the trade union for taylors and with help of other jewish workers, he set up a "jewish section" despite the firm opposition of the leader (of the trade-union), the well-known antisemetic, Mr Liébart. 

During the war, Nathan was amongst the most active resistants, leading sabotage against the Germans and steering member of the "Comité de Défense des Juifs", editing the newspaper "Le flambeau". 

April 44, he was going to an appointement and was recognized by the traitor "Fat Jacques", a well known jewish traitor and was deported the day after to Auschwitz. 

All the camarades who went with him in the camp witnessed his attitude, full of extrordinary courage who helped others. 

Unfortunately, he didn't survived to see the Liberation. He died on the 13 may (this is a mistake, they meant March ) in Buchenwald, survived by his wife and by a son who's continuing the heroic fight for which his father died. 

* the jewish traitor "fat Jacques" was in reality named Icek Glowoski. He denouced many jews in Brussels but was finally also killed by the Nazi's. 

1949
December 12

Belgique Brevet la croix du prisonnier politique 1940 - 45

 

1956
June 19

La Croix de Chevalier de l'Ordre de Leopold II

Member of the Milices Patriotiques, active and courageous. Participated in numerous sabotages, helped people wanted by the enemy, distributed the underground press and leaflets. Arrested because of his patriotic activity and deported to Germany, died there in Buchenwald on March 13, 1945

 

La Médaille Commémorative de la Guerre 1940-1945

Belgique la medaille commemorative de la guerre 1940-45 avec deux sabres croises
  Pavé de mémoire

I was confronted with the death of my father in 1981 and that of my paternal grandmother in 1982. I was therefore never able to hear from them directly about their life before and during the Shoah.

Fortunately, my grandmother left a detailed written account of her own life and of my grandfather's particular itinerary.
My grandfather was a Polish Jew, born at the beginning of the 20th century, convinced that political engagement and (later) resistance was the only possible way.

He was an early communist and trade union activist, spent several years in prison in Poland and came to Belgium at the end of the 1920s where he continued his activities. He entered the armed resistance (Milices Patrotiques) from the first hours of the German occupation. As a member of the Resistance and being Jewish, he paid with his life for his commitment and fight against barbarism.

He will be missed by his family, but we can all be proud of the exemplary nature of his behavior.

The laying of this paving stone will be followed at some point in the future by an official inauguration, the exact date of which will depend on the steps taken by the Association for the Memory of the Shoah with the Municipal Authorities.

The paving stone is laid in front of number 68 rue Guido Gezelle, Schaerbeek, the place where my grandparents lived clandestinely during part of the war.

David Rozenblum, grandson of Naftali, October 11, 2019

Map guide to Naftali's Pavé de mémoire or Stolpersteine

Agence Diasporique d'Informacion

 


Last update July 2021